2013年6月17日月曜日

6-Ⅱ TOEICの学習、難儀なり!



                6-Ⅱ号(6/17公開---1120語の内の20語)
                  今回もご来訪心より感謝申しあげます。       
                毎月第一第三月曜日9:00(日本時間)更新
                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                         本題(ダジャレ集)
本題の見方---ダジャレ文の中の青色文字は英語の意味、赤色文字は語呂合わせの部分で、かなりなまったり方言ぽくなる場合があります。ただし、フレーズはただの解説文だけの場合があります。

ダジャレ文は語呂合わせの為の文言で、意味の正当性、日本文としての正確性は有りません事ご周知下さい。
英単語に添えられた丸数字は難易度レベルを表しています。詳しくは8/27号をご参照ください。(⑦~⑫は書物には頻出。⑳以上も新聞等には時折出現する。)
緑色背景文字は、初公開時以降に追加・修正した部分です。

―near words in the dictionary―---ho~5語
1)くすぐって人をかつぐ。⑪hoax(vt,n)
2)人の群れ多いにもがある。⑪horde(n)---同音異義語hoard(2/18収載)と要区別
3)恐ろしい人には人は惚れんだす。⑪horrendous(a)
4)怒鳴って声嗄れ干す。⑪hoarse(a)---horseと同音。
5)力持ち、物をほいすと持ち上げる。⑪hoist(vt,n)---クレーンの別名で馴染み深いか。
―near words in the dictionary―---gr~6語
6)事の重大比べて。④gravity(n)
7)学校嫌いコンビニ前で群れるの好でだんだん皆グレげりやす(ぐれていく)。⑪gregarious(a)---社交好きが本来の意味
8)砂利ぐりっと噛んで歯を軋ませ。⑪grit(n,vt,vi)
9)股の付け根黒いです。⑪groin(n)
10)下品で粗野な態度で愚弄るのか。④gross(a,n,vt)---多義語、当該意味では難易度⑦,⑧か。
11)校庭をぐるんぐと回らせてへとへとに疲れさせ。⑫grueling(a)
ミシュマシュ
12)笑い種にするのは是非じぇすもやめて。⑦jest(n,vi)
13)ムチ打ち刑、(長手袋と)ガウン取れと言われ。⑫gauntlet(n)---クリント・イーストウッドの映画でお馴染み。
14)就職契約、この際昔の丁稚奉公でもいんでんちゅ(いいですわ)。⑮indenture(n)
15)見物人おるかーおんるっかー)。⑪onlooker(n)
16)口をしっかり(び)らんとシューシューと漏れちゃうよ。㉗sibilant(a,n)
17)お前もそんな脅し文句言ってみてーしょん。⑬intimidation(n)
18)酒はどんな料理にも合い、とてもいいんだーとワインからみあわせた。⑮intertwine(vt,vi)
19)一致点あんなに見満場一致とはいかず。⑱unanimity(n)
20)どっちのウソが多かよく判断せよ。⑩phony(a,n)


                            随想
 私事ですが、英会話講座が終了した後、今度はTOEICのスコアアップ講座に参加し、奮戦しています。初老の身にはかなりの難儀です。英語力はもとより短期記憶力・頭脳の回転の速さを求められ、ダジャレの出る幕は悔しいがありませんね。(最後のリーディングの方で、もしかしたら役立つときもあるか。いや、時間に迫られ想起してる暇はありませんね。)
 とにかく、如何にリスニング力が無いか思い知らされました。まー、乗りかかった船、やるだけやってみますので、こうご期待!皆さまもどうぞ頑張って下さい。習い事は若ければ若いほどベターです。



 
                 レビューⅠ(6-Ⅰ号本題の辞書での例文)

1)severance pay---例文でなく意味です。an allowance usually based on length of service that is payable to an employee on termination of employment
2)They are trying to deflect attention from the troubled economy.
3)Most nouns in English are inflected for plural use by adding-s or -es.
4)They genuflected before the altar in the church.
5)They convoked a meeting of the delegates.
6)The old house evoked memories of his childhood.
7)The suspect invoked his right to an attorney.---多義語につき要注意
8)The animal will not attack unless it is provoked.
9)The judge revoked her driver's license.
10)an illusory sense of security
11) Hiroshi's mother is unwittingly taking her frustrations out on her ill-starred offspring.

12)レアー語につき例文なし。
13)gubernatorial---例文でなく意味です。of or relating to a governor
参考:I've always wondered what that word meant. Why didn't they call it governatorial?---同感! 
14)Some potential buyers will be deterred by the price.
15)Smoking can impair your health.
16)A Summer in New York is actually Europe, the Sequel—city of transient Danes and Italians and Spaniards and French. 
17)<the incessant noise from an outside repair crew was a real distraction during the test>
18)People have shown surprising apathy toward these important social problems.
19)And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance
20)  The layman cannot understand the medical jargon.

( ? )
                    レビューⅡ(5-Ⅱ号本題のダジャレ文)
1)inhibited⇒インヒビティッドゥ→そんなに( ? )いいーん?(ひ)びってっど出し抜かれるよ。内気で
2)insecure⇒インセキューア→そんなに( ? )ではいん席は取れないよ。不安げ
3)timid⇒ティミッドゥ→血見っど逃げ出す( ? )臆病
4)cumbersome⇒カンバーサム→冬嵐の中の作業( ? )、寒風(かんぷう---かんばー)は寒し。うんざり
5)irksome⇒アークサム→冬嵐の中の作業( ? )、扉は開く(あく---あーく)、し。うんざり
6)aberrant⇒アベラントゥ→国会大荒れ、阿部乱闘、( ? )常軌逸す
7)abhorrent⇒アブホレントゥ→虫嫌い、どんな事せよアブ惚れんと。見るだけでも( ? )ぞっとするほどいや
8)skew⇒スキュー→スキューバダイヴィングは吸い口( ? )はだめ。斜めにずれて
9)spate⇒スペイトゥ→こう不景気では、犯罪は( ? )すべー(ぺい)思う。多発
10)nuzzle⇒ナズル→きたないよ、( ? )(ぞ)鼻でなぞる
11)recoup⇒リクープ→以前の損失を( ? )と、このところの株上昇で利食うロ。取り戻そう
12)recourse⇒リコース→意地張らず人に( ? )こと利口す頼る
13)gaffe⇒ギャフ→五輪招致運動、知事の( ? )でギャフンとし。失言
14)altruist⇒アルトゥロイストゥ→自分の為には動かない( ? )或るとろい(すと)。利他主義
15)tweakトゥウィークトーイック(トゥイーク)高得点取り夢かと頬を( ? )。つねる
16)symptomatic⇒シンプトマテッィック→神父止まっていくのは信者を信じている( ? )ある表われで
17)vie⇒ヴァイ→( ? )場合(ヴァイ)じゃない。争っている
18)pilgrim⇒ピルグリム→( ? )する時は日焼け止めに(ぴる)クリーム(グリム)塗れ。巡礼
19)galore⇒ガローア→銀座には画廊は( ? )有る。沢山
20)semantics⇒セマンティックス→ダジャレ文作っていると、時折( ? )に迫って(せまんてぃ)行く言葉の意味の問題

              レビューⅢ(5-Ⅰ号本題のメディアで使用された例文)
---当該文字は太文字、ここ一か月以内に使われたものは赤文字表記、二例共に該当するものは
evict,tether,rickshawの三語。
1)They’re down-to-earth guys who also have done amazing things on and off the field.
Forbes Apr 22, 2013
Witness statements backing up Oscar Pistorius as a down-to-earth guy were presented at the hearing.
Time Feb 24, 2013

2)There’s Hopper’s buddy Paul Newman squinting in the sun, the shadow of a volleyball net casting a grid over his smooth, shirtless skin.
New York Times May 3, 2013
The brightness made my eyes squint until they adjusted.
Slate Apr 30, 2013

3)He stopped leering when told she used to be the World No1.
The Guardian Apr 11, 2013
Like an Old Testament heavy, lumbering and leering through a Martin Scorsese gangster flick, Carmichael doesn’t take double-crosses lightly.
Seattle Times Feb 1, 2013

4)But for the most part Fitzgerald's prose is a kind of experiment in restrained extravagance.
The Guardian May 4, 2013
It’s not that he’s always asking for things that are extravagances.
Slate Mar 14, 2013

5)He was awaiting extradition back to New York.
New York Times Jun 5, 2013
It had given him a two-week grace period before extradition proceedings could start.
BBC Jun 3, 2013

6)Among Republicans, there’s consternation that the agency is sloughing off congressionally mandated regulations and wasting time on extraneous policy issues.
Washington Post May 16, 2013
There is plenty of extraneous spending going on at these federal agencies.
Reuters Apr 19, 2013

7)"Nothing in the text of the statute suggests that Congress intended causes of action recognised under it to have extraterritorial reach", Chief Justice Roberts wrote.
BBC Apr 18, 2013
Roberts said courts must presume that laws passed by Congress do not have extraterritorial reach.
Washington Post Apr 18, 2013

8)Yet everywhere are eccentric touches, extremities that wobble and wiggle.
New York Times May 17, 2013
Starting in the 1880s, naval shipyards and arms factories were established on its flat, watery western extremities.
The Guardian Feb 19, 2013

9)Two burly men in dark blue uniforms joined the fray, grunting as they finally extricated the patient from his chair.
New York Times May 24, 2013
Bodies were extricated and wrapped in blankets from the Great Northern Railway, then hauled away on sleds.
New York Times Dec 21, 2012

10)He’s handed another model, which is also extruded and more rectangular in shape.
Forbes Aug 1, 2012
The two-hour surgery Monday in New York involved removing a "large extruded disk fragment" that had been pressing on a spinal nerve, the school said.
Seattle Times Mar 3, 2012

11)His humorless descendants evicted them, but one statue turned up years later hidden in the rocks.
New York Times May 31, 2013
Evicted homeowners and tenants, mentally ill and often estranged from relatives, became homeless.
New York Times May 27, 2013

12)Video, filmed by an onlooker, was quickly picked up by news organizations and disseminated on social media.
Time May 25, 2013
Radical monks have been accused of inciting anti-Muslim violence through speeches delivered throughout the country and disseminated on recordings sold at shops and street stalls.
Reuters Apr 30, 2013

13)On the other hand, imported workers are tethered to their sponsoring employer like indentured servants.
Slate May 25, 2013
Google has acquired a US company that generates power using turbines mounted on tethered kites or wings.
BBC May 23, 2013

14)These are bite-sized morsels of the best British crime writing around.
Seattle Times Mar 2, 2013
Other nematodes are saprophytes, getting by on whatever tasty morsels they can scavenge.
Scientific American Feb 10, 2013

15)An excruciating scene at Cooke’s 30th birthday party, in which he serenades his fiancée but soon after is teary and morose, might suggest otherwise.
New York Times Apr 24, 2013
Seventy-five years later, we hear an eloquently morose God speaking through Valjean’s capacious heart and in Javert’s vengeful voice.
Time Dec 30, 2012

16)Although touted as an informal meeting, summits like this one are highly choreographed.
Reuters Jun 2, 2013
Many female politicians, though, would prefer to tout practicality over labels.
New York Times Jun 1, 2013

17)Balotelli, the soccer player, got lost in this maelstrom of stories.
Seattle Times Jan 31, 2013
In the maelstrom of the impact, steam clouds were formed mixed with pulverised rock.
Scientific American Oct 4, 2012

18)World Digest: May 23, 2013 Death toll at 16 after five days of fighting in Lebanon’s Tripoli; Taliban rickshaw bomb kills 13 in Pakistan.
Washington Post May 24, 2013
Yellow rickshaws used as taxis returned to the sandy streets, which were still heavily guarded by military checkpoints and patrols.
Reuters May 22, 2013

19)"There were no dose limiting toxicities," Gordon, research director at Pinnacle Oncology Hematology in Scottsdale, Arizona, said in a telephone interview.
Reuters Apr 10, 2013
The vessels are feats of engineering more complex than the space shuttle, produced by men and women at the very pinnacle of British manufacturing.
The Guardian Apr 1, 2013

20)They are no longer young, yet not terribly old, although in that era, a 31-year-old unmarried woman like Sally was considered a hopeless spinster.
Seattle Times Mar 6, 2013
"Family matters should be argued only by married people, not spinsters," he is reported to have remarked.
BBC Sep 6, 2012



                       本日の大賞
---語呂がコミカルで大賞
14)この際昔の丁稚奉公でもいんでんちゅ(いいですわ)。⑮indenture(n)
         

         これで6-Ⅱ号終了します。ご高覧賜り有難うございました。
              次号7-Ⅰ号は7/1公開の予定です。

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