2013年7月15日月曜日

7-Ⅱあるパズル


                  7-Ⅱ号(7/15公開---1160語の内の20語)
                  今回もご来訪心より感謝申しあげます。       
                毎月第一第三月曜日9:00(日本時間)更新
                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                         本題(ダジャレ集)
本題の見方---ダジャレ文の中の青色文字は英語の意味、赤色文字は語呂合わせの部分で、かなりなまったり方言ぽくなる場合があります。ただし、フレーズはただの解説文だけの場合があります。

ダジャレ文は語呂合わせの為の文言で、意味の正当性、日本文としての正確性は有りません事ご周知下さい。
英単語に添えられた丸数字は難易度レベルを表しています。詳しくは8/27号をご参照ください。(⑦~⑫は書物には頻出。⑳以上も新聞等には時折出現する。)
緑色背景文字は、初公開時以降に追加・修正した部分です。

―near words in the dictionary―(l~)
1)あれば潮干狩りはだいぶらぐーん)。⑪lagoon(n)
2)ゴミ箱をネグラにするのはレアーケース。⑪lair(n)
3)いつの世も労働賛美。⑪laud(vt)
4)見上げりその苦労ダブルでの賞賛に値す。⑫laudable(a)---上laudの形容詞形
5)万一、溶岩流れて来たらば何とする。⑩lava(n)
6)どれどれどんな感じ?鉛のように重い感じ。⑬leaden(a)---超苦、要改良
7)レジャー費は元帳にしっかりつけるべし。⑪ledger(n)
8)リーチ短く届かないので吸い取れず。leech(n,vt,vi)---多義語
9)レジ古くてもレシート何とか判読出来る。⑪legible(a)
10)理に縁遠く、ただだけ。⑪lenient(a)
11)心地よいレザーじっくり座っていると何もしたくなくなる。⑪lethargic(a)
12)ルー(ドゥ)みだらな人はいや。⑪lewd(a)
13)ライ(ブ)ルでも悪口は許せん。⑪libel(n,vt)
14)訴訟するのは理知芸当。⑱litigate(vi,vt)
15)保有しているよりそろそろ利食いてーと、持ち株整理す。⑪liquidate(vt,vi)
16)リスプとリスク区別出来ないもつれた発音。⑬lisp(vi,vt,n)
17)リスとレスリングしてかったるい。⑪listless(a)
18)訴訟する者理でガンと攻めないと相手に勝てんぞ。⑫litigant(a,n)
別案)訴訟する者りち)丸となって攻めないと相手に勝てんぞ。
19)バスローブ耳たは柔らかい程良い。⑪lobe(n)
20)今回のブログ、分かり易らしーど。⑫lucid(a)
別案:ドレミファソラシド明瞭に唄った。

                           随想
今回は、私の主宰する講座「数学を愉しむ会」で出題したパズルで、上の方はアメリカで出題されたものを少し改造したもの、下の方は上をもじって私が考えたものです。
「次の二つの等式のどこかに たは / のどちらかを付け加えて、それぞれの等式が成立するようにして下さい。
    
           101010=9:50   (ヒント:等式は数学のものだけではありません。)
              1001:100(ヒント:大きさのバランスが悪いのは大目に見て下い。)      
答は次回(8/5)に掲載致します。


                 レビューⅠ(7-Ⅰ号本題の辞書の例文)
1)If  you hone something,for example a skill,technique, idea, or product,you carefully develop it over a long period of time  so that it exactly right for your purpose.(他動詞としての使用例で、名詞の「砥石」としてよりはるかに使用頻度は高いようです。)
2)<a moral question that has puzzled the pundits throughout the ages>

3)<a truncated version of the 11 o'clock newscast followed the awards show, which ran over its time slot—as it always does>

4)<die-hard fans who became truculent and violent after their team's loss>

5)<the U.S. Capitol is one of our nation's most impressive edifices>

6)The windows give the church an ethereal glow.

7)The fallacy of their ideas about medicine soon became apparent.

8)Humor is the keynote of the play.

9)kilnan oven, furnace, or heated enclosure used for processing a substance by burning, firing, or drying(例文ではなく解説文)

10)<she's tried every knack in Cupid's book to get her guy to marry her>

11)a patient with a damaged kidney

12)keel;to fall in or as if in a faint —usually used with over(例文でなく解説文;多義語)

13)<the church bells knelled to mark the death of the nation's beloved leader>

14)The audience was in a jovial mood.

15)mountains jutting into the sky

16)<with his ship rapidly sinking, the captain ordered a last-ditch jettison of much of its cargo>

17)<the blade of the adze is still good, but the haft is broken and will have to be replaced>

18)<she mistakenly believed that she could insult people with impunity.>

19)My mother would not tolerate impudence from any of us。

20)<impale a marshmallow or two on that stick and let's start toasting>



               レビューⅡ(6-Ⅱ号本題の語呂合わせ文)
1)hoax⇒ほーくす→くすぐって人を( ? )かつぐ
2)horde⇒ほーど→人の( ? )多いにもがある。群れ
3)horrendous⇒ほれんだす→( ? )人には人は惚れんだす恐ろしい
4)hoarse⇒ほーす→怒鳴って声( ? )干す嗄れ
5)hoist⇒ほいすと→力持ち、物をほいすと( ? )持ち上げる
6)gravity⇒ぐらヴぃてぃ→事の( ? )を比べて重大さ
7)gregarious⇒ぐれげりあす→学校嫌いコンビニ前で( ? )でだんだん皆グレげりやす(ぐれていく)。群れるの好き
8)grit⇒→( ? )ぐりっと噛んで歯を( ? )。砂利、軋ませ
9)groin⇒→( ? )黒いです。股の付け根
10)gross⇒→( ? )態度で愚弄るのか。下品で粗野
11)grueling⇒→校庭をぐるんぐと回らせてへとへとに( ? )疲れさせ
12)jest⇒→( ? )にするのは是非じぇすもやめて。笑い種
13)gauntlet⇒→( ? )、(( ? )と)ガウン取れと言われ。ムチ打ち刑、長手袋
14)indenture⇒→就職契約、この際昔の( ? )でもいんでんちゅ(いいですわ)。丁稚奉公
15)onlooker⇒→( ? )おるかーおんるっかー)。見物人
16)sibilant⇒→口をしっかり(び)らんと( ? )漏れちゃうよシューシュー
17)intimidation⇒→お前もそんな( ? )言ってみてーしょん脅し文句
18)intertwine⇒→酒はどんな料理にも合い、とてもいいんだーとワインと( ? )からみあわせ
19)unanimity⇒→一致点あんなに見も( ? )とはいかず。満場一致
20)phony⇒→どっちのに( ? )かよく判断せよ。ウソが多い


                レビューⅢ(6-Ⅰ号本題のメディアで使用された文)
---当該文字は太文字、ここ一か月以内に使われたものは赤文字表記、二例共に該当するものは
severance,evoke,invoke,provoke,deter の5語
1)(severance payの使用例は無し)
New Mexico, $220 million of severance tax revenue bonds.
New York Times Jun 17, 2013
In March, Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt said gagging clauses in NHS severance agreements must end.
BBC Jun 12, 2013

2)“I’m just bending wire,” he said, deflecting a compliment.
New York Times Jun 15, 2013
Mr Waters said Mr Jones had kept his minority government in power since 2011 and "deflected" blame for spending cuts on to Westminster.
BBC Jun 5, 2013

3)There is no change in his expression or vocal inflection.
Slate Jun 18, 2013
"We're at an inflection point in how people watch television," he said.
Seattle Times Mar 14, 2013

4)Duncan said nothing, continuing to genuflect until play resumed.
New York Times Apr 21, 2013
But he concentrated powers – the courts, armed forces, state oil company, national assembly, all genuflected before the voice of the comandante.
The Guardian Mar 9, 2013

5)Fernandez currently has a working majority in both houses of Congress, but would need two-thirds' congressional support to convoke an elected constitutional assembly.
Reuters Oct 18, 2012
I have also convoked a few young laureates of the college, but only such as are little versed in affairs.
Sue, Eug?ne


6)She's well matched by the tall, lean Alexis Denisof as Benedick, evoking Cary Grant and Clark Gable, who both played smart men puzzled by women.
The Guardian Jun 16, 2013
So bricks, once designed for children to build towns and buildings, are now used to evoke human shapes and brush strokes.
New York Times Jun 14, 2013

7)That would have been too much, so instead the president invoked calculus.
Slate Jun 15, 2013
He invoked his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination during the House committee hearings.
Washington Post Jun 13, 2013

8)The unemployment and earnings figures provoked a heated exchange during Prime Minister's Questions in Parliament.
BBC Jun 12, 2013
The combination of synthesis, trends and possible learning opportunities provoked my interest.
Scientific American Jun 14, 2013

9)The agency also alleged that retailer Dollar General revoked job offers to two black women after conducting criminal background checks.
Washington Post Jun 12, 2013
But when later research showed it did not prolong life and brought more side effects, its approval for breast cancer was revoked.
Seattle Times Jun 3, 2013

10)Firstly, the cherished pre-war mantra of "the bomber will always get through", based on World War I experience and inter-war rhetoric, had proved illusory.
BBC May 16, 2013
An Illusory Right At times, the public defenders and the corporate lawyers seemed to have come from two different legal planets.
New York Times May 1, 2013

11)His ill-starred partner was not long left in doubt.
School, A Sexton of the Old
After a few ill-starred risings, the life seemed to be crushed out of us, the last gleam of hope had faded.
Peretz, Isaac Loeb

12)ill-disposedの使用例は無し(代わりにwell-disposed
You are much given to making distinctions in the choice of words, are extremely critical and well-disposed.
Coffman, C. J.
Mr. McHenry, Secretary of War in both cabinets, was undoubtedly an honorable and well-disposed gentleman.
Van Buren, Martin

13)Tuesday is New Jersey’s gubernatorial and legislative primary day.
Salon Jun 5, 2013
FRANKLIN, Va. — Terry McAuliffe wasted little time pursuing new business opportunities after his defeat in Virginia’s gubernatorial primary four years ago.
Washington Post May 9, 2013

14)An unreliable patent system will deter future investment and innovation.
Forbes Jun 14, 2013
Our findings should not deter people from exercising, especially as we did not find any increased incidence of arrhythmias leading to sudden death….
Forbes Jun 13, 2013

15)It says making it mainstream would also help give deaf and hearing impaired children equal access to education and employment opportunities.
BBC Jun 17, 2013
Though smoking or possessing small amounts of cannabis is no longer breaking the law, anyone who drives while impaired is still subject to arrest.
New York Times Jun 8, 2013

16)The functionality of some promoters in was tested by transient expression assay.
Nature Jun 6, 2013
So actually, vampires – however fancily dressed – would have to be anonymous black-economy transients.
The Guardian May 30, 2013

17)Momentary gasps of awe re: architecture/general lavishness drowned out by the incessant hammering of non-secular buttocks.
The Guardian Jun 14, 2013
Such incessant cutting can go on for only so long before morale suffers.
Nature May 23, 2013

18)Commencement speakers now and then worried about apathy born of cynicism and crisis fatigue.
New York Times Jun 16, 2013
For Mr Stevenson, both ways are steps in the right direction, though there is "apathy in the town towards the football team".
BBC May 23, 2013

19)He made each word audible and brought grace to every utterance, not easy given the slow pace of the vocal writing.
The Guardian Apr 21, 2013
Why keep him so conspicuously silent unless his first utterance holds some deeper meaning?
Slate Apr 9, 2013

20)You “bounced” in Web traffic jargon, meaning you spent no time “engaging” with this page at all.
Slate Jun 7, 2013
He has complained of officials' speeches and writings being clogged with party jargon and demanded more plain speaking.
Reuters Jun 5, 2013


                      本日の大賞

---真理を突いたダジャレ文にて大賞
3)いつの世も労働賛美。⑪laud(vt)


         これで7-Ⅱ号終了します。ご高覧賜り有難うございました。
              次号8-Ⅰ号は8/5公開の予定です。

このブログは 「難解英単語ダジャレ集」をグーグる、又はhttp://eitango-dajare.blogspot.jp/で開きます。お知り合いの方々ににご紹介賜りますれば幸甚です。

2013年7月1日月曜日

7-Ⅰ人間性の出やすいネット文章。

                  7-Ⅰ号(7/1公開---1140語の内の20語)
                  今回もご来訪心より感謝申しあげます。       
                毎月第一第三月曜日9:00(日本時間)更新
                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                         本題(ダジャレ集)
本題の見方---ダジャレ文の中の青色文字は英語の意味、赤色文字は語呂合わせの部分で、かなりなまったり方言ぽくなる場合があります。ただし、フレーズはただの解説文だけの場合があります。

ダジャレ文は語呂合わせの為の文言で、意味の正当性、日本文としての正確性は有りません事ご周知下さい。
英単語に添えられた丸数字は難易度レベルを表しています。詳しくは8/27号をご参照ください。(⑦~⑫は書物には頻出。⑳以上も新聞等には時折出現する。)
緑色背景文字は、初公開時以降に追加・修正した部分です。

―ミシュマシュ―
1)だ、砥石での包丁研ぎは。⑩hone(n)‐‐‐ローマ字読みのダジャレ に注意。
2)学者・評論家の会話には、良くパン(だじゃれ)出っと。(ウソ)⑪pundit(n)‐‐‐「パン」(だじゃれ)を日本語扱いした。
3)バッサリ切って余計なもの取らんけいと指示された。⑭truncate(vt)
4)凶暴性は去勢しないと取り切れんと。その通り、取り切れんす。㉖truculent(a),truculence(n)‐‐‐tで終わる形容詞はceにすると名詞になりやすい。
5)その堂々とした建物わざわざ絵で秘す事ないよ。⑪edifice(n)
6)今回の景気回復、えせ・リアルどちらなのかは 微妙ね。⑪ethereal(a)
7)ただの感情での恨みは、誤った考だ。⑪fallacy(n)
8)きのうと違う基調演説。⑪keynote(n)
9)この窯(カマ)で陶器ができるんです。⑪kiln(n)
10)これをうまくやるコツもない。⑪knack(n)
別案:コツを忘れに泣けず。
11)きっとね,その激しい痛さは腎臓結石だよ。⑧kidney(n)
12)そんな不安定じゃ、ひっくりきーる。⑦keel(n,vi)‐‐‐名詞は(船の)「竜骨」とかいう意味。
13)永遠に寝るときの鐘の音。⑫knell(n)
14)薬は常備あると安心で、いつでも陽気いられる。⑫jovial(a)
15)激しく怒られじゅーっと突き出ままのこどもの唇。⑪jut(vi)‐‐‐より近い発音はジャットゥ
16)絶対損(ジェティスン)、じゃまだと言って投棄ては。⑬jettison(vt)---超苦
17)その包丁刃太過ぎて、が入らん。⑰haft(n)
18)陰部に手も触れず罪にはならず。⑪impunity(n)‐‐‐袋とじにつき許されたし。随想に釈明あり。
19)初めに厚かましさ注意されたら、誰も自分の言い分出んす。⑰impudence(n)
別案:ずーずーしさたしなめたら、風呂屋でも陰部出んす
20)吉良上野介はいずこ、俵に突き刺し方がいんべいるかも知れないから。㉔impale(vt)‐‐‐超こじつけで想起無理か、ただ、これ以外思い付かず。乞う妙案。
既掲載)そんな陳腐なデザインの靴、今時誰も履かねーど。㉒hackneyed(a)‐‐‐2012,5/21に掲載のもの、よいダジャレ文思い付き再掲載しました。

                            随想

 ダジャレ文を考えていると、どうしても下品な、時には卑猥なものに行き着いてしまうことがあります。(その方が却って記憶に残るという皮肉な現象はある。)殊に、今回の,imp~は単語が多い割にうまい語呂がなく、やむを得ず「陰部」に結びつけざるを得ず、掲載すべきかどうか、いつも悩みます。
 読者の皆さまには、難解語記憶の為と割り切って頂き、ご容赦頂きますよう、改めてお願い申し上げる次第です。
 ところで、ブログやツイッターのような、相手の見えない交信では、恥を知らずに済むところがあり、普通では忌避する言葉でも意外に平気で使ってしまう危険性がありますね。社会的地位の高い人が、ひどい言葉を使って指弾される場面が最近報道されるのも分かる気がします。(言葉遣いだけでもないようですが---それにしても自殺まですることはなかったでしょうに)ことほど左様にネット文章には、その方の人間性・地が出やすいとは言えますね。もともと品行方正であれば何も恐れることは無いわけですが---。
 このブログも注意して書いていきますが、失礼な場合もあるやに思います。その時は、難解語記憶の為と割り切って頂きますよう重ねてお願い申し上げます。

                 レビューⅠ(6-Ⅱ号本題の辞書での例文)
1)<a skilled forger who hoaxed the art world into believing that the paintings were long-lost Vermeers>
2)Hordes of reporters were shouting questions.
3)Her taste in clothes is horrendous.
4)She could only speak in a hoarse whisper.
5)The cargo was hoisted up onto the ship.
  He stopped at a bar after work to hoist a few beers with his friends.---二番目の意味の例文。
6)<the hospital waiting room was filled with the kind ofgravity that inevitably accompanies worry>
7)She is outgoing and gregarious.
8)He shook out his shoes to remove the small rocks and grit.
9)I kneed him in the groin and pushed him away.
10)She has a gross habit of chewing on the ends of her hair.
11)<running a marathon is grueling>
12)It was a harmless jest.
13)I was watching tv and was looking for a good movie and the 'Gauntlet' was on where they were in the boxcar. Starring Clint Eastwood and I wanted to know what a gauntlet was!
14)The Isralites could not be slaves when they were overcome with debt. They were required to work off the debt and wait until the year of Jubilee.
They were indentured servants.
15)Curious onlookers watched the ceremony.
16)I heard the sibilant hiss of a snake.
17)He tries to intimidate his opponents.
18)He's always telling stories in which the present and the past intertwine.
19)<in a rare moment of unanimity the club members decided to throw a party for themselves>
20)<she always has this phony smile just before she betrays you>
( ? )
                   レビューⅡ(6-Ⅰ号本題の語呂合わせ)
1)severance pay⇒サーヴェランスペイ→経営陣の本音、さー減らんす(ぺ)い、( ? )。解雇手当
2)deflect⇒ディフレクトゥ→デフレ来っと、経済の( ? )。進路はずれる
3)inflect⇒インフレクトゥ→インフレ来っと、経済に( ? )生じる。抑揚
4)genuflect⇒ジェニュフレクトゥ→銭触れクッと涙こらえ( ? )献金す。片膝ついて
5)convoke⇒コンヴォウク→棍棒駆使していやがる民兵( ? )。招集し
6)evoke⇒エヴォウク→話聞きその(ボウ)ック( ? )呼び起こし
7)invoke⇒インヴォウク→部下たちの陰謀苦にして( ? )法に訴
8)provoke⇒プロヴォウク→プロボクサーを( ? )ちゃまずい。怒らし
9)revoke⇒リヴォウク→僕は社長だよ。あまり僕を怒らせちゃ就職内定( ? )よ。取り消す
10)illusory⇒イリューソリー→責任は、誰にも( ? )事と、辞任慰留され現実にはない
11)ill-starred⇒イルスタードゥ→「悪」は許した後また悪事働き、許した事が必ず( ? )出る裏目に
12)ill-disposed⇒イルディスポウズドゥ→いるです、ポーズ言葉だけで本当は( ? )思ってない奴は。好意的
13)gubernatorial⇒ギュバナトリアル→( ? )仕事増え、知事まるで牛馬なっとりある知事の
14)deter⇒デター→とこ勝負は( ? )やめさせ
15)impair⇒インペアー→そこまで( ? )ては「それでいんべあなどとは言っておれない。悪化させ
16)transient⇒トランシエントゥ→苦労の道を通らしえんと(通らせんと)、何やらせても( ? )な。長続きせん
17)incessant⇒インセサントゥ→(数学は)大学院生さんと( ? )勉強すべし。絶え間ない
18)apathy⇒アパシー→あっぱし、こんなダジャレ文じゃ( ? )だけだね。しらける
19)utterance⇒アタランス→他人の( ? )は当たらんす発言
20)jargon⇒ジャーゴン→この( ? )訳分からん。じゃーゴンタのダジャレと同じだ。業界用語
  
               レビューⅢ(5-Ⅱ号本題のメディアで使用された例文)
---当該文字は太文字、ここ一か月以内に使われたものは赤文字表記、二例共に該当するものは
                       
insecure,skew, spate,recoupの4語。
 
1)If so, luminescence might be reversibly inhibited at a certain pH,” he recalled.
New York Times May 13, 2013
Wigan came again, but they were inhibited now, struggling for fluency. BBC May 8, 2013
 

2)Real human translators are being made anonymous, invisible, and insecure.
BBC May 28, 2013
“There’s always going to be some insecure jerk yelling something, but I think I’d feel comfortable in almost every neighborhood in New York,” I said.
Salon May 27, 2013

3)Viewers are cast as timid drivers in rough weather or drunks about to crash.
New York Times Apr 19, 2013
Benedict, intellectually fearless yet personally timid, was unable to keep order.
Economist Mar 8, 2013

4)But new rules could also make the systems more cumbersome, taking away some advantages, currency experts say.
Wall Street Journal Jun 1, 2013
With huge quantities of data being produced by ever-growing computer systems, traditional data storage solutions, like magnetic hard drives are becoming bulky and cumbersome.
BBC Apr 25, 2013

5)In an earlier time, it would have meant an irksome trip home.
New York Times May 14, 2013
The obligation to remember is inscribed on every Holocaust memorial, but even the words "Never Forget" become irksome eventually.
The Guardian Apr 5, 2013

6)Ask anyone with lupus, multiple sclerosis or other diseases caused by an aberrant immune system.
New York Times Jun 4, 2013
“These abuses do not represent isolated incidents or aberrant behavior by a few rogue officers,” the report stated.
New York Times Dec 22, 2012

7)An independent U.S. task force issued a report on April 16 calling indefinite detention of prisoners at Guantanamo "abhorrent and intolerable."
Reuters May 1, 2013
The edited Family Guy clip currently circulating is abhorrent.
BBC Apr 17, 2013

8)Some said they believed that recent polls showing Mr. Liu languishing in single digits, and trailing four other Democrats, were skewed.
New York Times May 30, 2013

The administration tried to explain on its Web site two days later that the finding used a small, skewed sample and was not representative. New York Times May 22, 2013

9)Tejada’s trying start to the season also included a perplexing spate of errors early on.
New York Times May 29, 2013
Islamist suicide bombers have carried out a spate of attacks there in recent months, including one on a Niger army barracks earlier this month.
Reuters May 23, 2013

10)They communicate through verbal commands but also expressive snorts, ear twitches, nuzzles, tail swishes.
Seattle Times Feb 16, 2013
They communicate through verbal commands but also expressive snorts, ear twitches, nuzzles, tail swishes.
Seattle Times Feb 15, 2013

11)"Possibly my kids might recoup it," he says, laughing.
The Guardian May 26, 2013
The Energy Department recouped $26 million by seizing reserve accounts they had to set up to get their loans, according to .
Forbes May 23, 2013

12)A statement quoted by state media said there would be no recourse to appeal.
Reuters May 22, 2013
Unlike lawsuits, arbitrations are binding on both parties and typically offer no recourse of an appeal.
Reuters May 4, 2013

13)As he had with other gaffes in recent years, Mr. Gee quickly apologized, saying his remarks were a misguided attempt at humor.
New York Times Jun 5, 2013
Ohio State trustees warn he could be fired for any more verbal gaffes.
Seattle Times Jun 4, 2013

14)The Darkest Year of Medical School Students come in altruistic and empathetic.
Slate Jun 4, 2013
Luxembourg's gift was practical as well as altruistic.
Wall Street Journal May 31, 2013

15)The system needs some tweaks to shore up its finances over the long haul.
BusinessWeek Jun 7, 2013
The report said too often the health service had been reactive, tweaking services rather than properly planning change.
BBC Jun 5, 2013

16)My husband has a slightly enlarged prostate that is usually not symptomatic.
Seattle Times May 2, 2013
While high blood pressure is sometimes symptomatic, it's not always.
Reuters Jan 8, 2013

17)Four of the six candidates vying to succeed Rogge as International Olympic Committee president were sitting around the same conference table.
Seattle Times Jun 8, 2013
Mr. King, a Democrat, has said he will vie for his party’s nomination.
New York Times Jun 7, 2013

18)Development League washout embarking on a pilgrimage through the European basketball leagues.
New York Times May 18, 2013
Last weekend, he made the annual pilgrimage to the Kentucky Derby.
Seattle Times May 12, 2013

19)There are opportunities galore in this new world, but Adams also highlights some of the threats.
Nature May 30, 2013
Note: Spoilers galore below, insofar as our intrepid viewers understood what was going on.
Slate May 17, 2013

20)So the debate has seemingly become about semantics.
New York Times May 14, 2013
No, the term “patent troll” is not merely semantics.
Forbes May 14, 2013

本日の大賞
---再掲載ですが、語呂合わせ良くて、大賞。
既掲載)そんな陳腐なデザインの靴、今時誰も履かねーど。㉒hackneyed(a)

         これで7-Ⅰ号終了します。ご高覧賜り有難うございました。
              次号7-Ⅱ号は7/15公開の予定です。
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2013年6月17日月曜日

6-Ⅱ TOEICの学習、難儀なり!



                6-Ⅱ号(6/17公開---1120語の内の20語)
                  今回もご来訪心より感謝申しあげます。       
                毎月第一第三月曜日9:00(日本時間)更新
                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                         本題(ダジャレ集)
本題の見方---ダジャレ文の中の青色文字は英語の意味、赤色文字は語呂合わせの部分で、かなりなまったり方言ぽくなる場合があります。ただし、フレーズはただの解説文だけの場合があります。

ダジャレ文は語呂合わせの為の文言で、意味の正当性、日本文としての正確性は有りません事ご周知下さい。
英単語に添えられた丸数字は難易度レベルを表しています。詳しくは8/27号をご参照ください。(⑦~⑫は書物には頻出。⑳以上も新聞等には時折出現する。)
緑色背景文字は、初公開時以降に追加・修正した部分です。

―near words in the dictionary―---ho~5語
1)くすぐって人をかつぐ。⑪hoax(vt,n)
2)人の群れ多いにもがある。⑪horde(n)---同音異義語hoard(2/18収載)と要区別
3)恐ろしい人には人は惚れんだす。⑪horrendous(a)
4)怒鳴って声嗄れ干す。⑪hoarse(a)---horseと同音。
5)力持ち、物をほいすと持ち上げる。⑪hoist(vt,n)---クレーンの別名で馴染み深いか。
―near words in the dictionary―---gr~6語
6)事の重大比べて。④gravity(n)
7)学校嫌いコンビニ前で群れるの好でだんだん皆グレげりやす(ぐれていく)。⑪gregarious(a)---社交好きが本来の意味
8)砂利ぐりっと噛んで歯を軋ませ。⑪grit(n,vt,vi)
9)股の付け根黒いです。⑪groin(n)
10)下品で粗野な態度で愚弄るのか。④gross(a,n,vt)---多義語、当該意味では難易度⑦,⑧か。
11)校庭をぐるんぐと回らせてへとへとに疲れさせ。⑫grueling(a)
ミシュマシュ
12)笑い種にするのは是非じぇすもやめて。⑦jest(n,vi)
13)ムチ打ち刑、(長手袋と)ガウン取れと言われ。⑫gauntlet(n)---クリント・イーストウッドの映画でお馴染み。
14)就職契約、この際昔の丁稚奉公でもいんでんちゅ(いいですわ)。⑮indenture(n)
15)見物人おるかーおんるっかー)。⑪onlooker(n)
16)口をしっかり(び)らんとシューシューと漏れちゃうよ。㉗sibilant(a,n)
17)お前もそんな脅し文句言ってみてーしょん。⑬intimidation(n)
18)酒はどんな料理にも合い、とてもいいんだーとワインからみあわせた。⑮intertwine(vt,vi)
19)一致点あんなに見満場一致とはいかず。⑱unanimity(n)
20)どっちのウソが多かよく判断せよ。⑩phony(a,n)


                            随想
 私事ですが、英会話講座が終了した後、今度はTOEICのスコアアップ講座に参加し、奮戦しています。初老の身にはかなりの難儀です。英語力はもとより短期記憶力・頭脳の回転の速さを求められ、ダジャレの出る幕は悔しいがありませんね。(最後のリーディングの方で、もしかしたら役立つときもあるか。いや、時間に迫られ想起してる暇はありませんね。)
 とにかく、如何にリスニング力が無いか思い知らされました。まー、乗りかかった船、やるだけやってみますので、こうご期待!皆さまもどうぞ頑張って下さい。習い事は若ければ若いほどベターです。



 
                 レビューⅠ(6-Ⅰ号本題の辞書での例文)

1)severance pay---例文でなく意味です。an allowance usually based on length of service that is payable to an employee on termination of employment
2)They are trying to deflect attention from the troubled economy.
3)Most nouns in English are inflected for plural use by adding-s or -es.
4)They genuflected before the altar in the church.
5)They convoked a meeting of the delegates.
6)The old house evoked memories of his childhood.
7)The suspect invoked his right to an attorney.---多義語につき要注意
8)The animal will not attack unless it is provoked.
9)The judge revoked her driver's license.
10)an illusory sense of security
11) Hiroshi's mother is unwittingly taking her frustrations out on her ill-starred offspring.

12)レアー語につき例文なし。
13)gubernatorial---例文でなく意味です。of or relating to a governor
参考:I've always wondered what that word meant. Why didn't they call it governatorial?---同感! 
14)Some potential buyers will be deterred by the price.
15)Smoking can impair your health.
16)A Summer in New York is actually Europe, the Sequel—city of transient Danes and Italians and Spaniards and French. 
17)<the incessant noise from an outside repair crew was a real distraction during the test>
18)People have shown surprising apathy toward these important social problems.
19)And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance
20)  The layman cannot understand the medical jargon.

( ? )
                    レビューⅡ(5-Ⅱ号本題のダジャレ文)
1)inhibited⇒インヒビティッドゥ→そんなに( ? )いいーん?(ひ)びってっど出し抜かれるよ。内気で
2)insecure⇒インセキューア→そんなに( ? )ではいん席は取れないよ。不安げ
3)timid⇒ティミッドゥ→血見っど逃げ出す( ? )臆病
4)cumbersome⇒カンバーサム→冬嵐の中の作業( ? )、寒風(かんぷう---かんばー)は寒し。うんざり
5)irksome⇒アークサム→冬嵐の中の作業( ? )、扉は開く(あく---あーく)、し。うんざり
6)aberrant⇒アベラントゥ→国会大荒れ、阿部乱闘、( ? )常軌逸す
7)abhorrent⇒アブホレントゥ→虫嫌い、どんな事せよアブ惚れんと。見るだけでも( ? )ぞっとするほどいや
8)skew⇒スキュー→スキューバダイヴィングは吸い口( ? )はだめ。斜めにずれて
9)spate⇒スペイトゥ→こう不景気では、犯罪は( ? )すべー(ぺい)思う。多発
10)nuzzle⇒ナズル→きたないよ、( ? )(ぞ)鼻でなぞる
11)recoup⇒リクープ→以前の損失を( ? )と、このところの株上昇で利食うロ。取り戻そう
12)recourse⇒リコース→意地張らず人に( ? )こと利口す頼る
13)gaffe⇒ギャフ→五輪招致運動、知事の( ? )でギャフンとし。失言
14)altruist⇒アルトゥロイストゥ→自分の為には動かない( ? )或るとろい(すと)。利他主義
15)tweakトゥウィークトーイック(トゥイーク)高得点取り夢かと頬を( ? )。つねる
16)symptomatic⇒シンプトマテッィック→神父止まっていくのは信者を信じている( ? )ある表われで
17)vie⇒ヴァイ→( ? )場合(ヴァイ)じゃない。争っている
18)pilgrim⇒ピルグリム→( ? )する時は日焼け止めに(ぴる)クリーム(グリム)塗れ。巡礼
19)galore⇒ガローア→銀座には画廊は( ? )有る。沢山
20)semantics⇒セマンティックス→ダジャレ文作っていると、時折( ? )に迫って(せまんてぃ)行く言葉の意味の問題

              レビューⅢ(5-Ⅰ号本題のメディアで使用された例文)
---当該文字は太文字、ここ一か月以内に使われたものは赤文字表記、二例共に該当するものは
evict,tether,rickshawの三語。
1)They’re down-to-earth guys who also have done amazing things on and off the field.
Forbes Apr 22, 2013
Witness statements backing up Oscar Pistorius as a down-to-earth guy were presented at the hearing.
Time Feb 24, 2013

2)There’s Hopper’s buddy Paul Newman squinting in the sun, the shadow of a volleyball net casting a grid over his smooth, shirtless skin.
New York Times May 3, 2013
The brightness made my eyes squint until they adjusted.
Slate Apr 30, 2013

3)He stopped leering when told she used to be the World No1.
The Guardian Apr 11, 2013
Like an Old Testament heavy, lumbering and leering through a Martin Scorsese gangster flick, Carmichael doesn’t take double-crosses lightly.
Seattle Times Feb 1, 2013

4)But for the most part Fitzgerald's prose is a kind of experiment in restrained extravagance.
The Guardian May 4, 2013
It’s not that he’s always asking for things that are extravagances.
Slate Mar 14, 2013

5)He was awaiting extradition back to New York.
New York Times Jun 5, 2013
It had given him a two-week grace period before extradition proceedings could start.
BBC Jun 3, 2013

6)Among Republicans, there’s consternation that the agency is sloughing off congressionally mandated regulations and wasting time on extraneous policy issues.
Washington Post May 16, 2013
There is plenty of extraneous spending going on at these federal agencies.
Reuters Apr 19, 2013

7)"Nothing in the text of the statute suggests that Congress intended causes of action recognised under it to have extraterritorial reach", Chief Justice Roberts wrote.
BBC Apr 18, 2013
Roberts said courts must presume that laws passed by Congress do not have extraterritorial reach.
Washington Post Apr 18, 2013

8)Yet everywhere are eccentric touches, extremities that wobble and wiggle.
New York Times May 17, 2013
Starting in the 1880s, naval shipyards and arms factories were established on its flat, watery western extremities.
The Guardian Feb 19, 2013

9)Two burly men in dark blue uniforms joined the fray, grunting as they finally extricated the patient from his chair.
New York Times May 24, 2013
Bodies were extricated and wrapped in blankets from the Great Northern Railway, then hauled away on sleds.
New York Times Dec 21, 2012

10)He’s handed another model, which is also extruded and more rectangular in shape.
Forbes Aug 1, 2012
The two-hour surgery Monday in New York involved removing a "large extruded disk fragment" that had been pressing on a spinal nerve, the school said.
Seattle Times Mar 3, 2012

11)His humorless descendants evicted them, but one statue turned up years later hidden in the rocks.
New York Times May 31, 2013
Evicted homeowners and tenants, mentally ill and often estranged from relatives, became homeless.
New York Times May 27, 2013

12)Video, filmed by an onlooker, was quickly picked up by news organizations and disseminated on social media.
Time May 25, 2013
Radical monks have been accused of inciting anti-Muslim violence through speeches delivered throughout the country and disseminated on recordings sold at shops and street stalls.
Reuters Apr 30, 2013

13)On the other hand, imported workers are tethered to their sponsoring employer like indentured servants.
Slate May 25, 2013
Google has acquired a US company that generates power using turbines mounted on tethered kites or wings.
BBC May 23, 2013

14)These are bite-sized morsels of the best British crime writing around.
Seattle Times Mar 2, 2013
Other nematodes are saprophytes, getting by on whatever tasty morsels they can scavenge.
Scientific American Feb 10, 2013

15)An excruciating scene at Cooke’s 30th birthday party, in which he serenades his fiancée but soon after is teary and morose, might suggest otherwise.
New York Times Apr 24, 2013
Seventy-five years later, we hear an eloquently morose God speaking through Valjean’s capacious heart and in Javert’s vengeful voice.
Time Dec 30, 2012

16)Although touted as an informal meeting, summits like this one are highly choreographed.
Reuters Jun 2, 2013
Many female politicians, though, would prefer to tout practicality over labels.
New York Times Jun 1, 2013

17)Balotelli, the soccer player, got lost in this maelstrom of stories.
Seattle Times Jan 31, 2013
In the maelstrom of the impact, steam clouds were formed mixed with pulverised rock.
Scientific American Oct 4, 2012

18)World Digest: May 23, 2013 Death toll at 16 after five days of fighting in Lebanon’s Tripoli; Taliban rickshaw bomb kills 13 in Pakistan.
Washington Post May 24, 2013
Yellow rickshaws used as taxis returned to the sandy streets, which were still heavily guarded by military checkpoints and patrols.
Reuters May 22, 2013

19)"There were no dose limiting toxicities," Gordon, research director at Pinnacle Oncology Hematology in Scottsdale, Arizona, said in a telephone interview.
Reuters Apr 10, 2013
The vessels are feats of engineering more complex than the space shuttle, produced by men and women at the very pinnacle of British manufacturing.
The Guardian Apr 1, 2013

20)They are no longer young, yet not terribly old, although in that era, a 31-year-old unmarried woman like Sally was considered a hopeless spinster.
Seattle Times Mar 6, 2013
"Family matters should be argued only by married people, not spinsters," he is reported to have remarked.
BBC Sep 6, 2012



                       本日の大賞
---語呂がコミカルで大賞
14)この際昔の丁稚奉公でもいんでんちゅ(いいですわ)。⑮indenture(n)
         

         これで6-Ⅱ号終了します。ご高覧賜り有難うございました。
              次号7-Ⅰ号は7/1公開の予定です。

このブログは 「難解英単語ダジャレ集」をグーグる、又はhttp://eitango-dajare.blogspot.jp/で開きます。お知り合いの方々ににご紹介賜りますれば幸甚です。